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Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetUnset($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 544

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Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetUnset($index) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 127

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::count() should either be compatible with Countable::count(): int, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 199

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En begærets undergrund – Speilvendt
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En begærets undergrund


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Porno er pisse spændende; blandt andet, fordi dét, der sker i pornouniverset, kan synes en verden til forskel fra «vores virkelige verden» – samtidig har alt, vi finder i pornoen, rod i netop den.

Skjermbilde 2017-06-07 kl. 09.51.46

Tekst: Mara Malene Raun Schmidt
Illustrasjon: Vilja Kristine Arnøy

Giver porno forvrængedeforestillinger hos unge om, hvad intimitet mellem mennesker er og bør være? Legitimerer porno en fornedrende behandling af kvinder? Er porno grobund for patologisk afvigende tændingsmønstre?

Jeg forstår, at det er spørgsmål, vi som samfund må stille. Det lader jeg andre gøre. Der er mange grunde til, at vi bør studere seksuelle praksisser. Før vi behandler pornografien med et klinisk, patologiskorienteret blik, med præventive eller interventionelle hensigter; før, vi placerer den i en ramme, hvori den altid-allerede er problematisk – ønsker jeg, at vi undersøger den på dens egne præmisser.

Hvad kan vi da lære om porno, og af porno? Hvis vi analyserede en pornovideo som et æstetisk artefakt, kreeret i en proces af stilistiske valg med dét for øje at skabe et specifikt udtryk og narrativ, der føder lyst – hvad så?

Pornoæstetikkens klassikere
Det pornografiske univers tilbyder sig som en undergrund for de af vores lyster, der ikke tåler dagens lys, for dét, som ikke skal ses af andre og ikke siges højt. Fantasierne finder en frihed i pornoens land; her lever det «forbudte» og «beskidte» i fuldt flor. Derfor bærer dette univers også på et indsigtspotentiale. Det er vanskeligt at vide, hvad der foregår i hjernerne og kroppene; pornovideoerne kan vi se på og studere. Pornoen fortæller os noget om os, tror jeg.

Det pornografiske univers tilbyder sig som en undergrund for de af vores lyster, der ikke tåler dagens lys, for dét, som ikke skal ses af andre og ikke siges højt.

De fleste pornovideoer er professionelt produceret i en proces af minutiøse valg. Ansigter og kroppe vælges. En drejebog konstrueres for seksuelle stillinger, et manuskript for replikker, en specifik fortælling. Forløbet instrueres både forinden og in action. Hvordan skal der bolles: Med hvilken grad af udvist liderlighed, udviste følelser, hvordan skal der stønnes, dirtytalkes? Skal det være dyrisk og brutalt eller romantisk hengivent? Fra især den ene eller den andens synsvinkel eller med et udenforstående voyeuristisk blik? Skal relationen frames som én, der er magtfuld, og én som underdanig eller snarere som to ligeværdigt elskende?

I denne række af valg frembringes en stilistik, hvori helheden er mere end summen af sine dele. Enhver pornovideo arbejder sig ind i en særlig æstetik, der videre knytter sig til en bestemt diskurs; en bestemt måde at konceptualisere sex, at kommunikere kønnede relationer. Det sker i et rum, der er både socialt og symbolsk, æstetisk og performativt.

Pornografiens udtryksformer kommer ikke alene fra personen, der producerer pornoen, men medbestemmes på sin vis af de, der ser den. Dét pornografiske indhold, der fungerer efter hensigten hos forbrugerne, tjenes der ind på, den videreproduceres, distribueres og holdes i live; hvad der i mindre grad tilfredsstiller deres behov, vil over tid uddø. Det er pornoens evolution og pornoen som et handelsmarked.

Pornosider præsenterer sit indhold i ordnede kategorier, med klassificeringer som Gangbang, MILF, Voyeur, Hardcore, Hentai, Hairy … Mange af disse kategorier har til fælles, at deres tematikker kan ses som mere eller mindre subtile brud på samfundets herskende normer for «sund», «god», acceptabel sex (og måske brud med «god moral» i det hele taget). Hvad der over tid bliver pornografiske arketyper og stereotypier er en indikator for, hvad der særligt fungerer for de, der ser; de seksuelle klassikere er seksuelle klassikere, fordi vi grundlæggende digger dem.

Den forbudte fissefrugt
Den behårede kusse har status som «sin egen ting» i pornoen. En glat fisse er ikke blot reglen snarere end undtagelsen i porno; den gøres også til «den rigtige» i et samfund, hvis populærkultur distribuerer og promoverer den lysende, slanke og babybløde kvindekrop. I en sådan kropsdiskurs naturaliseres den sart rosa, bløde – og uskyldige? – vulva som standarden, skønt den reelt er at finde, måske udelukkende, hos præpubertære (hvide) piger.

Desto mere interessant er det derfor, når hjemmesider som The Hairy Lady og Hairy Girls Land lover dig «slutty unshaved teen chicks and furry Milfs [who] spread legs», «closeup bushy pussies» og «bushy peaches»«for the lovers of all natural girls.» I denne reklameretorik forbindes den behårede kusse altså med «det naturlige» og urnatur, den præsenteres som skjulte skatte bag klæder; «det ubarberede» gør teenagepigen slutty og MILF-moderen furry, og der skabes associationer til busket vegetation, frodighed og næring. Den behårede kusse tager endda form som en «furry peach» – som den dragende forbudte frugt.

Den behårede pussy, som er slutty, furry, bushy og peachy, føder sådanne associationer i lyset af eksisterende standarder, som brydes. Netop på grund af mange kulturelle ideer om den glatte (hvide) – sterile? – kusse, indtager den behårede mørke kusse også ladede betydninger – som den, i forhold til standarden, udenforfaldende. Den reelt naturlige kusser bliver altså, paradoksalt, «den anden»; i kraft af eksotiseringen indtager the hairy pussy sit erotiske potentiale som en seksuelt potent figur.

Sæden og det sakrale
Creampie, Cumshots, Squirting, Swallow, Bukkake og Pee involverer alle kropsvæsker og lækager fra kroppens åbninger, gerne en udveksling fra én krop til en anden. Det er reglen snarere end undtagelsen i porno, at spermen er kvinden, udover hende, i stedet for i hende; «it marks the spot, what [the man] owns and how he owns it . . . [it] is a way of saying (through showing) that she is contaminated with his dirt; that she is dirty.» (Moore, 2007, p. 84). Kvinden er ikke bare et objekt, men mandens beskidte. Hun tager imod sæden, gerne på kønnet, maven eller ud over brystet. Det ypperligste er the facial – at sprøjte dels ud over hendes ansigt, dels ind i hendes mund. Hun sluger sæden, eller hun savler det udover sig selv, hvormed hun bidrager yderligere til denne overstrømmelsesæstetik.

I bukkake bliver overstrømmelsen til overflod: Mænd i en rundkreds onanerer og ejakulerer udover den samme kvinde (eller mand), til stadighed. Nogle mener, det er en symbolsk gruppevoldtægt, et ydmygelsesritual (Franklin, 2004). På en fascinerende måde har bukkake dog også sakrale konnotationer, mener jeg, som et helligt ritual: Med disse mænd stående i en cirkel omkring sig kan kvinden også forstås som værende en slags religiøst offerbål, et tempel, et totem eller en lignende guddommelig figur; én hvem, men også til hvem mændene efterlader deres sperm som en slags (afgrøde)offer eller oblationer. Offergaver.

Ejakulering er ikke forløsning blot i fysiologisk forstand. Den eksplicitte sprøjten i porno frames ofte som en tilstand af overgivelse, total given slip. Det er en tømning af én selv, en momentan, magtesløs «putting yourself out there», for idet man lader sæden sprøjte, har man ingen kontrol over dens kurs, udtryk eller modtagelse. Med sæden som en symbolsk forlængelse af manden selv kan hans sprøjtning også forstås som intim, en akt af tillid. Denne sårbarhed forstærkes af den tilstand af svækkelse, manden netop hensættes i post-udløsning. Som et såret dyr.

Ejakuleringen er i det hele taget omspundet af tvetydighed, fordi den fra mandens side kan være en art maskulinitetsmanifest og magtdemonstration, men også et tab af magt; en samtidighed af emancipatorisk ekstase og svækkelse. I bukkake sammenfalder undertoner af guddommelighed med commodity, intimitet møder afstand, tilbedelse og gudsdyrkelse møder degradering, dehumanisering; mændene ofrer sine safter til en helligdom og på samme tid, med samme safter og med syndflodsallusioner, afmærker de hende som dirty used goods.

Skønheden og det sorte udyr
Den klassiske interracial-duo består af negeren og den hvide kvinde. White virgin/black beast-æstetikken spiller på et kolonialt natur vs. civilisation-narrativ: Manden, med sin stærke, kraftfulde ibenholtsorte krop, forgriber sig på den lyse og sarte uskyldsrene jomfru. Magtdynamikken emmer af vold og vildskab, aggression, tvang. Og hun kan lide det.

Interracial-kategorien baserer sig på en eksotisering af raceforskelle, af symbolsk og sociokulturel afstand i det hele taget. Den seksuelle spænding kan dateres tilbage til amerikansk slavehistorie og det herskende sexual-racial hierarchy, hvori den hvide mand står over den hvide kvinde, som igen er over den sorte mand og den sorte kvinde. Den sorte slave var én, man nedværdigede, men også frygtede; han var hyperseksuel, sagde man, dyrisk og farlig. Men med tiden «a fear that had kept black men and white women in their place now began to fuel an eroticism that brings them together, not in a «happy» mutual overcoming of difference but running risks of destruction tempting the outrage . . . . of the excluded third term» (Williams, 2004, p. 96).

Denne sorte mand er blevet en klassiker i pornoen. Æstetikken i the African animality er en «kind of knowing flirtation with the archaic beliefs of racial stereotypes». De erotiske skildringer af lyst på tværs af racer «grow out of a history that has covertly permitted the white man’s sexual access to the black woman and violently forbidden the black man’s access to the white woman» (Williams, 2004, p. 96).Både historisk – samt i dag, i moderne pornografi  – finder de, der er forbudt hinanden, alligevel vej til hinanden. Hun er den rene, der lader sig besudle. Han forsluger sig på, hvad ikke er og aldrig kan blive hans. Samtidig frarøver de på symbolsk vis den hvide mand hans magt; hans kvinde og hans slave nægter at tjene ham, når de i et øjeblik tjener hinanden.

Jeg tror, der er noget ved en sådan forestilling om det lidenskabelige, farlige og forbudte møde, der drager os; noget særligt ved den magt, som en sådan akt på sin egen måde genererer i kraft af dets glimtvise gøren sig fri af en ellers begrænsende orden. Der er noget gnistrende frækt ved det ordensomstyrtende.

En verden i verden
Hvad vi får øje på igen og igen er elementer fra en bredt herskende orden i samfundet – fra virkeligheden –, der her i pornoverdenen ikke lader sig gælde efter samme spilleregler. Vi ser forhandlinger af sociale roller og autoritetshierarkier i fortællingerne om læreren og eleven på katederet; normen, at seksuelle partnere skal tilhøre samme generation, brydes, når vi ser den unge dreng score sin bedste vens MILF-mor; der eksperimenteres med rammerne for sociale rum, når knaldet flyttes fra soveværelset til køkkenbordet, og den forestilling, at sex er noget privat bag egne lukkede døre, brydes, når samlejet i stedet sker i skoven eller elevatoren; når man bliver opdaget, og når man bliver set på.

Hvad der iværksættes er en «sexual saturation of social spaces and social relations» (Ennis, 2008, p. 219). Hverdagslige, ikke-seksuelle elementer bliver potentielle seksuelt potente størrelser i kraft af de ordinære betydninger, de allerede omgives af; noget manifesterer sig som erotisk udtryk, vinder erotisk værdi, på grund af dét, der er gjort imod det i denne nye, transgressive setting. Flertydigheden, det paradoksale og ambivalensen, som dette vækker  – dét, at det er tabu, forbudt og et brud – alt dette genererer spændinger; spændinger der føder lyst. Sådanne subversive tensions er helt grundlæggende for, hvad det erotiske er, tror jeg. Du finder det over det hele, i et utal af iklædninger. Du finder det i pornoen for eksempel, hvor det spændingsfyldte, og det fantasifulde, lever og lyser. Hvad vi møder dér, i pornoen, kan synes eksotisk og excentrisk, grotesk og frastødende, fremmed … Som en verden langt herfra.

Pornografien kan synes som sin egen verden i verden, men den er ikke hermetisk lukket om sig selv. Alt, vi møder dér, har rod i, hvad der findes uden for den, lige her.

Jeg plæderer hverken for eller imod, at du som privatperson skal se porno og være vild med det. Derimod plæderer jeg for, at vi i videnskaben – som analytikere – anerkender dens iboenderelevans og vigtighed, hvad angår menneskeligt begær og lyst, erotik. Vi må udforske pornoens essens, dens udtryksformer og udvikling på dens egne præmisser. Sympatisk, åbent og nysgerrigt. Jeg tror, pornografiens univers bærer på et indsigtspotentiale, hvad angår vi mennesker som sociale væsener, kulturelle grupper, med bredt herskende og fælles erotiske forestillingsuniverser; ideer cirkuleret og delt på makroniveau, som endvidere nødvendigvis virker ind i vores eget indre, erotiske mentale liv, i vores intime relationer og seksuelle praksisser. Pornografien kan synes som sin egen verden i verden, men den er ikke hermetisk lukket om sig selv. Alt, vi møder dér, har rod i, hvad der findes uden for den, lige her.

Mara Malene Raun Schmidt går 6. semester av bachelor i psykologi.

 

Referencer

Ennis, K. (2008). Michel Foucault and Judith Butler: Troubling Butler’s Appropriation of Foucault’s Work. University of Warwick, Department of Philosophy.

Franklin, K. (2004). Enacting Masculinity: Antigay Violence and Group Rape as Participatory Theater. Sexuality Research and Social Policy 1(2), 25-40. California State Press.

Moore, L.J. (2007). Sperm Counts: Overcome by Man’s Most Precious Fluid. New York: New York University Press.

Williams, L. (2004). Skin Flicks on the Racial Border: Pornography, Exploitation, and Interracial Lust. Williams, L. (ed.) Porn Studies. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.

Træen, B. & Lewin, B. (2008). Sexology in Context. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

http://hairygirlsland.com

http://thehairylady.com

http://www.pornhub.com

http://www.youporn.com


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