Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property wpdb::$categories is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 668

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property wpdb::$link2cat is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 668

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetExists($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 554

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetGet($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 595

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetSet($offset, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 535

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Theme::offsetUnset($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-theme.php on line 544

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetExists($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 952

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetGet($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 972

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetSet($offset, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 984

Deprecated: Return type of WP_REST_Request::offsetUnset($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/rest-api/class-wp-rest-request.php on line 995

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::current() should either be compatible with Iterator::current(): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 151

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::next() should either be compatible with Iterator::next(): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 175

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::key() should either be compatible with Iterator::key(): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 164

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::valid() should either be compatible with Iterator::valid(): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 186

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::rewind() should either be compatible with Iterator::rewind(): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 138

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetExists($index) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 75

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetGet($index) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 89

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetSet($index, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 110

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::offsetUnset($index) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 127

Deprecated: Return type of WP_Block_List::count() should either be compatible with Countable::count(): int, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-list.php on line 199

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property ACF::$fields is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/fields.php on line 138

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property ACF::$revisions is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/revisions.php on line 387

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_validation::$errors is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/validation.php on line 28

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property ACF::$validation is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/validation.php on line 215

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_form_customizer::$preview_values is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/forms/form-customizer.php on line 28

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_form_widget::$preview_values is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/forms/form-widget.php on line 34

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_form_widget::$preview_reference is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/forms/form-widget.php on line 35

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_form_widget::$preview_errors is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/forms/form-widget.php on line 36

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_FormTag::offsetExists($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/form-tag.php on line 395

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_FormTag::offsetGet($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/form-tag.php on line 387

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_FormTag::offsetSet($offset, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/form-tag.php on line 381

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_FormTag::offsetUnset($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/form-tag.php on line 399

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_Validation::offsetExists($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetExists(mixed $offset): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/validation.php on line 78

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_Validation::offsetGet($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetGet(mixed $offset): mixed, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/validation.php on line 72

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_Validation::offsetSet($offset, $value) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetSet(mixed $offset, mixed $value): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/validation.php on line 59

Deprecated: Return type of WPCF7_Validation::offsetUnset($offset) should either be compatible with ArrayAccess::offsetUnset(mixed $offset): void, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/validation.php on line 82

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Shortcodes_Ultimate::$about_menu is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/shortcodes-ultimate/includes/class-shortcodes-ultimate.php on line 207

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Instagram_Gallery::$is_wpcom is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/class-wpcom-rest-api-v2-endpoint-instagram-gallery.php on line 23

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Mailchimp::$wpcom_is_wpcom_only_endpoint is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/class-wpcom-rest-api-v2-endpoint-mailchimp.php on line 17

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Tweetstorm_Gather::$wpcom_is_wpcom_only_endpoint is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/class-wpcom-rest-api-v2-endpoint-tweetstorm-gather.php on line 21

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Tweetstorm_Gather::$is_wpcom is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/class-wpcom-rest-api-v2-endpoint-tweetstorm-gather.php on line 22

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Gutenberg_Available_Extensions::$wpcom_is_site_specific_endpoint is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/gutenberg-available-extensions.php on line 20

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Memberships::$wpcom_is_wpcom_only_endpoint is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/memberships.php on line 23

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Memberships::$wpcom_is_site_specific_endpoint is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/memberships.php on line 24

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_REST_API_V2_Endpoint_Subscribers::$wpcom_is_wpcom_only_endpoint is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/_inc/lib/core-api/wpcom-endpoints/subscribers.php on line 15

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property POMO_FileReader::$is_overloaded is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/streams.php on line 21

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property POMO_FileReader::$_f is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/streams.php on line 153

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property MO::$_gettext_select_plural_form is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/translations.php on line 293

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Automattic\Jetpack\Sync\Queue::$random_int is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/vendor/automattic/jetpack-sync/src/class-queue.php on line 38

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Publicize_UI::$in_jetpack is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/modules/publicize.php on line 53

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property MO::$_gettext_select_plural_form is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/translations.php on line 293

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_resources_scripts::$_resouces_version is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/class-fire-resources_scripts.php on line 20

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property MO::$_gettext_select_plural_form is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/translations.php on line 293

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_resources_styles::$_resouces_version is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/class-fire-resources_styles.php on line 35

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WPCOM_Widget_Goodreads::$shelves is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/modules/widgets/goodreads.php on line 33

Deprecated: DateTime::__construct(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($datetime) of type string is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/script-loader.php on line 331

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property POMO_FileReader::$is_overloaded is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/streams.php on line 21

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property POMO_FileReader::$_pos is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/streams.php on line 22

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property POMO_FileReader::$_f is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/streams.php on line 153

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_field_oembed::$width is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/fields/class-acf-field-oembed.php on line 31

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_field_oembed::$height is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/fields/class-acf-field-oembed.php on line 32

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_field_google_map::$default_values is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/fields/class-acf-field-google-map.php on line 33

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property acf_field__group::$have_rows is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/advanced-custom-fields/includes/fields/class-acf-field-group.php on line 31

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property POMO_FileReader::$is_overloaded is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/streams.php on line 21

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property MO::$_gettext_select_plural_form is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/pomo/translations.php on line 293

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property WP_Block_Type::$plan_check is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp-block-type.php on line 284

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property Jetpack_Shortcode_Unavailable::$shortcodes is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/modules/shortcodes/unavailable.php on line 19

Deprecated: trim(): Passing null to parameter #1 ($string) of type string is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-includes/class-wp.php on line 173

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Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_header_model_class::$primary_nbwrapper_container_class is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/fmk-ccat.php on line 283

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_header_model_class::$topbar_nbwrapper_container_class is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/fmk-ccat.php on line 283

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_logo_model_class::$src is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/fmk-ccat.php on line 283

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_related_posts_model_class::$excerpt_length is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/fmk-ccat.php on line 283

Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_related_posts_model_class::$media_cols is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/fmk-ccat.php on line 283

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Fra følelser til algoritmer – Speilvendt
Deprecated: Implicit conversion from float 35.400000000000006 to int loses precision in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/functions-ccat.php on line 1638

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Fra følelser til algoritmer


Deprecated: Creation of dynamic property CZR_thumbnail_model_class::$lighbox_url is deprecated in /home/1/s/speilvendt/www/wp-content/themes/customizr/core/fmk-ccat.php on line 283

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Dagens samfunn er i stor grad styrt av følelser. Hva vil morgendagens samfunn styres av?

 

Tekst: Per Flatebø

 

I Homo Deus hevder Yuval Noah Harari at humanismens tidsalder er på hell, og at moderne mennesker ikke lenger kun søker svar i følelser. Menneskeskapte algoritmer er i følge Harari i ferd med å bli en bedre informasjonskilde enn følelser. Hararis bok har blitt kritisert fra mange hold for sin science fiction-aktige beskrivelse av fremtiden, samtidig som andre har roset bokas solide argumentasjon. Der mange forfattere er opptatt av den teknologiske utviklingen isolert sett er Harari opptatt av hvordan samfunnet vil endres som et resultat av teknologien. Hva vil den teknologiske utviklingen ha å si for dogmer, og hva er dataisme?

 

I årene 2013-2015 ble pave Francis rangert som den fjerde mest innflytelsesrike personen i verden av Forbes Magazine. Pavens innflytelse på samfunnet kommer av hans status som øverste autoritet i den katolske kirke, da han av dem anses som en direkte formidler av Guds ord. I den katolske tradisjonen anses pavens ord derfor som ufeilbarlig. Pavens autoritet begrenser seg imidlertid til den katolske retningen av kristendommen og selv ikke andre kristne retninger deler katolikkenes syn på pavens ufeilbarlighet. Eksempelvis mener protestantene at pavens ufeilbarlighet ikke har sine røtter i bibelen, og derfor er et dogme.

 

I følge Store Norske Leksikon kan et dogme i allmenn språkbruk defineres som en selvinnlysende sannhet som danner grunnlaget for et livssyn. Sannheten som dogmet hevder å romme trenger med andre ord ikke å bevises vitenskapelig. Pavens ufeilbarlighet er et eksempel på et katolsk dogme. Humanismens vektlegging av følelser som øverste autoritet for menneskers handling og tanker er et vestlig dogme. Det er enkelt å avsløre begge disse antatte sannhetene som dogmer ved å stille spørsmålet «finnes det en vitenskapelig metode som bekrefter pavens ufeilbarlighet?». Eller, «finnes det en målbar og universell bestanddel ved alle menneskers følelser?». Svaret på begge disse spørsmålene er nei. Dogmets sannhetsverdi kan ikke bevises ved hjelp av dagens vitenskapelige metode, og det er nettopp dette som gjør dem til dogmer. Likevel er millioner av mennesker overbevist om at pavens ord er ufeilbarlige, eller at menneskenes følelser er opphavet til all mening. Hvorfor er det slik?

 

Et dogme er, som sagt, en slags kilde til mening for individene som tror på dogmet. At dogmet har en meningsverdi, betyr at dogmet ofte kan gi svar på eksistensielle spørsmål. Hva er meningen med livet? Hvorfor er vi her? Det er imidlertid ikke slik at alle dogmer gir svar på de eksistensielle spørsmålene, men dogmer kan ofte forklare meningen bak uforståelige fenomener. Dogmer kan forklare årsaker til at noen ting i et samfunn er helt greit å gjøre, og at andre ting ikke er greit. En humanist hører ikke på The Beatles fordi Gud har legitimert John, Paul, George og Ringo som formidlere av guds ord. En humanist hører på The Beatles, fordi humanistens egne følelser legitimerer dem som formidlere av bra musikk. Derfor er det greit å like The Beatles. Grunnen til at pave Francis ble rangert som den fjerde mest innflytelsesrike personen som levde fra 2013 til 2015, er ikke at han har en administrativ rolle i den katolske kirke. Grunnen er at millioner av katolikker over hele verden gir ham autoritet ved å tro at han er en videreformidler av Guds ord. Dette er for katolikker i hele verden en bekreftelse på Guds nærvær og omsorg for oss mennesker.

 

Dogmatisk tenkning blir ofte kritisert fordi det hemmer oss fra å tenke og handle objektivt, men heller får oss til å se det vi vil se. Det kan sammenliknes med det som i psykologien kalles et bekreftelsesbias. Gjennom hele middelalderen og fram til 1500-tallet var ofte stat og kirke tett sammenknyttet, og dette førte til at komponister måtte handle i tråd med hva kirken påla dem. Komponistene fikk blant annet forbud mot å benytte seg av tritonus-intervallet, eller djevelens intervall som det ble omtalt som i middelalderen. Dette kom av at man mente at intervallets dissonans hadde en ond kvalitet ved seg. På 1500-tallet ble det som var ubehagelig oppfattet som et uttrykk for ondskap, fordi man ikke hadde noen annen forklaringsmodell. Med dagens vitenskap kan vi derimot bevise at den dissonerende lyden ikke har noe med ondskap å gjøre, men kan forklares ved hjelp av fysikkens lover.

 

Det er mange ting vi kan forklare med dagens vitenskap som vi ikke kunne forklare før i tiden. Det er likevel viktig å være klar over farene ved å avfeie et dogmes sannhetsverdi kun fordi sannhetsverdien ikke kan bekreftes ut fra den vitenskapelige praksisen som anvendes i 2018. Ironisk nok er en slik holdning til vitenskap temmelig dogmatisk! Man får en holdning til vitenskapen som sier at «dagens vitenskapelige metode er fullkommen». Dette vitenskapelige «dogmet» forklarer at uansett hvor mye det forskes vil det aldri bli funnet variabler som kan forklare fenomener som i dag forklares ved hjelp av religiøse eller filosofiske begreper. Et kjapt overblikk over vitenskapshistorien viser at en slik holdning hemmer framgang i de akademiske miljøene. Einsteins relativitetsteori møtte massiv motstand i deler av akademia før den fikk tilstrekkelig støtte fra andre akademikere og dermed ble akseptert og innlemmet i akademia. De fleste forskere og vitenskapsmenn er fullstendig klar over at den vitenskapelig praksisen i dag på ingen måte er fullkommen. Nye teorier må alltid møtes med skepsis før de – hvis de viser seg å fungere som gode forklaringsmodeller – kan innlemmes i akademia. På samme måte burde vi være åpne for at det i framtiden kan være forklaringsmodeller som kan bekrefte dagens dogmer empirisk. Poenget er at det som for et samfunn ser ut til å være en universell sannhet, ikke nødvendigvis trenger å være det i andre samfunn. Så lenge vi er en del av et samfunn og deres dogmer kan det være vanskelig å se mangler ved det aktuelle samfunnets dogmer.

 

Når Yuval Noah Harari hevder at den humanistiske tradisjonen, som setter følelser som øverste autoritet, er på vei ut, gjør han det ved å presentere et alternativ. Følelsenes autoritet overfor hva som er rett og galt blir lagt til side – med dataismen. Menneskeskapte algoritmer vil i stedet konstruere svarene for oss. Algoritmer vil bli en stor del av hverdagen og innhente enorme datamengder om oss gjennom ulike kanaler. Algoritmene vil i større grad kunne fortelle oss hvilke valg vi burde ta når det kommer til l partner, utdanning og interesser. Og vi vil, i følge Harari, med glede oppgi følelsenes autonomi til algoritmene, fordi algoritmene faktisk vet hva som er best for oss.

 

At menneskene oppgir sin rett til å bestemme hva som er rett og galt til eksterne algoritmer vil ha en fundamental effekt på samfunnet. Hvis følelser ikke lenger legitimerer rett og galt i verden, hvilken funksjon har da følelser? Joda, de får oss til å føle noe, men for en uorganisk algoritme som ikke kan gjøre mening ut av følelsene, og i tillegg kan gi bedre svar enn følelser vil de være meningsløse. Dataismens forslag er at en ny verdi kommer til å styre hva som er rett og galt i samfunnet. Verdien om fri informasjonsflyt vil oppstå fordi fri flyt av informasjon vil være mer gunstig for overlevelse enn følelsene. Dataismen predikerer videre at ettersom eksterne algoritmers evne til å innhente informasjon vil overgå menneskers følelser, vil algoritmene etter hvert ha en større sjanse for å overleve. Det er her Hararis spådommer er på sitt mest science-fiction-aktige. Det er lett å bli skeptisk til Hararis argumentasjon, men vi kan i hvert fall si som forskere har sagt i 50 år: Teknologien vil nok overgå menneskene innen 20 år.

 

Per Flatebø går 2. semester på profesjonsstudiet i psykologi.

Litteratur:

Harari, Yuval Noah (2015). Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow. London: Vintage

Store Norske Leksikon (2018). Dogme. Hentet fra: https://snl.no/dogme

Forbes (2013). The World’s Most Powerful People 2013. Hentet fra: https://www.forbes.com/sites/carolinehoward/2013/10/30/the-worlds-most- powerful-people-2013/#527c7f4c7b7f

Forbes (2014). The World’s Most Powerful People 2014. Hentet fra: https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbespr/2014/11/05/2014-ranking-of-the-worlds-most-powerful-people/#52afd4794d93

Forbes (2015). The World’s Most Powerful People 2015. Hentet fra: https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidewalt/2015/11/04/the-worlds-most-powerful-people-2015/#4e9b48a274d5


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